Pediatric Urology

Pediatric urology is the diagnosis and treatment of a wide range of urological conditions that affect children, both males and females. Some of these conditions have been present since birth, while others may arise throughout childhood. In some cases, patients may be referred to a pediatric urologist by their regular pediatrician.


Conditions treated commonly by pediatric urologists may include:

  • Antenatal hydronephrosis
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Hydrocele
  • Nocturnal enuresis or bed-wetting
  • Hypospadias
  • Torsion of the testicle
  • Undescended testicle
  • Ureteropelvic junction obstruction
  • Vesicoureteral reflux
  • Diaper rash
  • Circumcision


A pediatric urological examination consists of a physical examination and a full review of the child's medical history. Diagnostic tests are typically performed as well, and may include:

  • Urinalysis
  • Blood test
  • Renal scan
  • Ultrasound
  • MRI scan

Depending on diagnosis, additional tests may be also performed.


Treatments for pediatric urological conditions may vary based on specific diagnosis, symptoms, underlying causes and individual patient needs. The pediatric urologist will discuss any findings with the parents and work with them to develop a customized treatment plan for their child.

Additional Resources